Knowledge Center

What is anemia?
Anemia is diagnosed as any condition in which our body does not produce enough healthy red blood cells.Red blood cells are critical to our body’s well-being. They carry hemoglobin, a complex protein that contains iron molecules. The main function of these molecules is to carry adequate oxygen from the lungs to the rest of your body.If your body is not supported by enough red blood cells, then you may experience symptoms such as feeling tired or weak.There are more than 400 types of Anemia currently known and these are divided into three main groups according to their cause. Vital Tests Ferritin,Iron,Serum Folic Acid,Total Iron Binding Capacity,etc.
What is Hemogram Test or Complete Blood Count (CBC)?
The hemogram or complete blood count (CBC) is used as a broad screening test to check for such disorders as anemia, infection, and many other diseases. It is actually a profile of tests that examines different parts of the blood.
What is HbA1C Test (Diabetes)?
The term HbA1c refers to glycated haemoglobin. It develops when haemoglobin, a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body, joins with glucose in the blood, becoming ‘glycated’.By measuring glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), clinicians are able to get an overall picture of what our average blood sugar levels have been over a period of weeks/months.For people with diabetes this is important as the higher the HbA1c, the greater the risk of developing diabetes-related complications
What is Infectious disease?
Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms such as bacteria,viruses,fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless or even helpful, but under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.Hepatitis, HIV, dengue, rubella, leptospirosis, etc. Some infectious diseases can be passed from one person to another. Some, however, are transmitted via bites from insects or animals. Others are acquired by ingesting contaminated food or water or other agents in the environment.Mostly Fever and Shivering are the signs and symptoms of the disease.Tests Hepatitis B Envelop Antigen,Dengue IgM,Herpes simplex virus I IgM,Leptospira IgM,Rubella IgG,Toxoplasma gondii IgG etc.
What is thyroid?
Thyroid is a small,butterfly shaped gland located at the base of the neck just below the Adam’s apple. It’s part of an intricate network of glands called the endocrine system. The endocrine system is responsible for coordinating many of the body’s activities. The thyroid gland manufactures hormones that regulate the body’s metabolism the process of creating and using energy. There are several different disorders that can arise when the thyroid produces too much hormone hyperthyroidism or not enough hypothyroidism.Vital Tests are Thyroid Stimulating Hormone TSH,Total Triiodothyronine T3,Total Thyroxine T4,Free Triiodothyronine FT3,Free Thyroxine FT4 etc.
What is Infertililty Test?
Infertility refers to biological inability of an individual to conceive. There are many possible causes of infertility. Some can be easily diagnosed and treated while others cannot. Factors that can cause or contribute to infertility are hormonal imbalance, diseases like gonorrhea or chlamydia, use of certain drugs, medical conditions such as diabetes or thyroid diseases, use of tobacco, marijuana, alcohol and many more. Vital Tests Estradiol,Testosterone,Progesterone,Luteinising hormone etc.
What is Cardiovascular disease?
Cardiovascular disease is a disease that involve the heart or blood vessels, But nowadays because of the sedentary lifestyle, individuals from any age group are likely to develop cardiac diseases. They have become one of the largest causes of death worldwide. Age, gender, high blood pressure, high serum cholesterol levels, smoking, alcohol consumption, family history, obesity, lack of physical activity and diabetes are the risk factors associated with developing cardiovascular diseases. In general, heart diseases are related to a process called atherosclerosis, a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries due to high cholesterol levels. It narrows the diameter of the artery and obstructs the flow of blood. If there is a clot in the artery, it blocks the blood flow and results in a heart attack or stroke. Some of the other cardiac disorders are heart failure (failure of heart to pump enough blood to the body), arrhythmia (abnormal rhythm of heart), heart valve problems, etc. Vital Test Apolipoprotein A,Apolipoprotein B,C-Reactive Protein,Lipoprotein,Homocysteine,HDL,LDL etc.
What is Cancer?
Cell division is a physiological process that occurs in almost all tissues of the body. Under normal circumstances, there is a balance between cell proliferation and programmed cell death, which is tightly regulated to ensure the integrity of organs and tissues. Disruption of this physiological process leads to autonomous uncontrolled division of cells in the body called Cancer. This uncontrolled cell division in cancer leads to the formation of lumps or masses of tissues called as tumors. Certain types of tumors that do not spread or metastasise and have limited growth are generally considered to be benign whereas the tumors that proliferate and spread to other systems of the body thereby adversely affecting the body functions are malignant. There are many different types of cancers and each cancer is classified based on the affected region,Vital Test Alpha Feto Protein,Beta Human Chorionic Gonadotropin,Thyroglobulin,CA-125,CA 15.3,etc.
What is Autoimmune disorders?
A healthy human body has a powerful immune system to resist the invasion of pathogens or micro-organisms. Unfortunately, sometimes, the immune system wrongly recognises its own cells as foreign and attacks the body itself. These misdirected immune responses are referred to as autoimmunity which is characterised by the presence of auto antibodies against host-antigens. The origin and mechanism of autoimmune diseases is still largely a mystery. Autoimmunity seems to result from the interplay of various influences, including environmental and genetic factors.There are many different types of autoimmune disorders. Based on the part of the body affected, autoimmune diseases are classified as organ specific (eg. Type 1 diabetes) and non-organ specific (e.g. systemic lupus erythematosus). In organ specific diseases, the lesions are restricted to an organ as an antigen present in the organ triggers autoimmunity. However, in systemic autoimmunity the antigens are ubiquitous.An autoimmune disorder may result either in the destruction of one or more types of body tissues or changes in the organ functions. Its symptoms may vary depending upon the disease and location of abnormal immune response. The goal of treatment in autoimmune disorders is to reduce the symptoms by controlling the autoimmune responses and retaining the body’s ability to fight diseases. So far, there is no prevention for most of the autoimmune disorders. Vital Tests Anti Sperm Antibody,Complement 3,P-ANCA (C-ANCA),Anti-ds DNA,ANA titre (RIANA),ANA screening (SIANA),etc.
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Its Customized set of Tests of Thyroid (3 Test),Iron Deficiency (3 Test),Liver (11 Test),Lipid/Cholesterol (8 Test),Kidney/Renal (5 Test),Electrolytes (2 Test) and Pancreatic (2 Test).
Pro Aarogyam 1.2 Offer (64 Parameters)
It’s a Customized set of Tests of Complete Hemogram/CBC (28 Tests),Thyroid (3 Test),Diabetes (2 Tests),Iron Deficiency (3 Test),Liver (11 Test),Lipid/Cholesterol (8 Test),Kidney/Renal (5 Test),Electrolytes (2 Test) and Pancreatic (2 Test).
Pro Aarogyam 1.3 Offer (68 Parameters)
It’s a Customized set of Tests of Complete Hemogram/CBC (28 Tests),Thyroid (3 Test),Diabetes (2 Tests),Iron Deficiency (3 Test),Liver (11 Test),Lipid/Cholesterol (8 Test),Kidney/Renal (5 Test),Electrolytes (2 Test), Pancreatic (2 Test).Vitamin (2 Test),Testosterone and Cardiac (1 Test).
Pro Aarogyam 1.7 Offer (86 Parameters)
It’s a Customized set of Tests of Complete Hemogram/CBC (28 Tests),Thyroid (3 Test),Diabetes (2 Tests),Iron Deficiency (4 Test),Liver (11),Lipid/Cholesterol (8 Test),Kidney/Renal (5 Test),Electrolytes (2 Test), Pancreatic (2 Test).Vitamin (3 Test),Testosterone, Cardiac (6 Test), Arthritis (2 Test) and Toxic Element (9 Test).
About Water Testing
Water testing is to check the quality of water and to contain water borne diseases which are caused by contamination of pathogenic microbes that cause diarrhea,dysentery,cholera etc.Non infectious contaminants like metals,pesticides and volatile organic compounds etc can cause serious long term defects cancer like disease.Contamination chances persist like water storage medium,storage facility age and natural disasters,etc.
What is physical and chemical testing of water?
Physcial characteristics test of water is done to check the colour and odour of the Water, Chemical characterestics helps to find excessive chemicals like chlorine can generate choloroform which i carcinogenic,Nitrates can impair oxygen transport in body causing brain related diseases,flouride can cause dental fluorosis and affect skeletal tissues,while Sulfide causes diarrhea.Presence of cyanide is generally due to contamination of Indutrial effluents and though the hazardous effects of excess deposition manifests quite late,it may affect thyroid and cause nerve damage
Physical and chemical Test (15 Parameters)
ColourTurbiditypHTotal Dissolved Solids (TDS)Total hardness
Free ChlorineSulfidePhenolic CompoundAnionic DetergentsCyanide
What is Toxic Element Testing of Water?
Elements is an essential as micro nutrients for many biological functions,excessive levels in human body can affect many critical functions.
Toxic Element Analysis Test (16 Parameters)
Iron (Fe)Calcium (Ca)Copper (Cu)Chromium (Cr6 )Manganese (Mn)
Mercury (Hg)Cadmium (Cd)Molybdenum (Mo)Selenium (Se)Arsenic (As)
Lead (Pb)Zinc (Zn)AluminadNickel (Ni)Boron
What is Microbiology water Testing?
This can occur by pathological contamination of water due to contact majorly with human faeces and the major bacteria are the coliforms.these types of bacteria cause gastroenteritis,ulcer etc.Chlorination is done to kill pathogenic microbes,contamination may still occur during transport or in the site of water storage.
Microbiology (M) Test (2 Parameters)
E Coli bacteriaTotal Coliform bacteria
What is Pesticides (PT) water testing?
These are majorly organophosphates and carbamates which cause serious health hazards and affect the nervous and endocrine system of the body
Pesticides Test (16 Parameters)
AlachiorAtrazineAldrin/DieldrinAlpha HCHBeta HCH
ButachiorChlorpyrifosDelta HCHDDTEndosulfan
EthionGamma-HCHMalathionMethyl parathionMonocrotophos/Phorate
What is Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Testing of water?
Water becomes one of the most potential source for ingestion of VOC. These are very toxic to the human body and can damage the nervous system,liver and can also cause skin irritation and are powerful Carcinogens.
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Test (19 Parameters)