Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) ( 1 )
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) is a protein, a member of human kallikrein gene family, produced by certain cells in the prostate gland. It plays an important role in increasing sperm mobility and liquefaction of seminal fluid by proteolytic cleavage of gel-forming proteins in seminal fluid. PSA Test cost is given above.
PSA is produced in the glandular epithelium of prostate and is secreted in seminal fluid in high concentrations. A very little amount of PSA flows through the blood stream, thus its concentration remains low in blood. Some amount of it is also found in peri-utheral and anal glands, cells of male urethra, breast milk and urine. If the PSA levels are found to be higher than what are normally defined for a respective age group or if there is a sudden rise in the levels of PSA without a diagnosed cause, it is recommended to undergo testing to rule out prostate cancer or presence of other abnormal cells in prostate.